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건강한 성인에서 아동기 학대 경험이 신체 활동과 수면에 미치는 영향: 웨어러블 디바이스 사용 실험

Effects of Child Maltreatment on Physical Activity and Sleep in Healthy Adults: A Wearable Device Use Experiment

김민석 / 박성규 / 차미영 / 이상원

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Abstract

Objectives:Maltreatment is one of representative risk factor for psychiatric illnesses. While several studies indicate the relationship between physical activity and maltreatment, there was lack of study using objective measurements. This study was conducted to find the biomarkers of physical activity related to maltreatment experiences in healthy adults using wearable device. Methods:A total of 60 healthy adults were recruited; 15 subjects reported maltreatment experiences. Physical activity and sleep data were collected using Fitbit for 2 weeks. Child maltreatment experiences were assessed by Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE). Symptoms were measured using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Morning ness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7). Results:The child maltreatment group showed lower movement distance (p=0.025) and number of walks (p=0.010) compared to the control group. After controlling for anxiety and depressive symptoms in women, maltreatment group represented significant reduction in light activities (p=0.021) as well as movement distance (p=0.024) and number of walks (p=0.011). There was no significant difference in sleep variables between the two groups. Conclusions:Even in healthy participants, maltreatment experiences can negatively affect daily light physical activity.

Issue Date
2022-06
Publisher
대한생물치료정신의학회
Keywords(Author)
Child Abuse; Exercises; Sleep; Wearable Electronic Devices; 아동기 학대; 신체 활동; 수면; 웨어러블 디바이스
URL
https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/ci/sereArticleSearch/ciSereArtiView.kci?sereArticleSearchBean.artiId=ART002854163
DOI
10.22802/jksbtp.2022.28.2.74
Journal Title
생물치료정신의학
Start Page
74
End Page
82
ISSN
1225-9454
Language
Korean
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