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Examining the Role of Social Capital and Socioeconomic Status on Anti-Foreigner Sentiment in South Korea

Lee, Danbee / Kim, Hannah June / KANG, Minsung Michael

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Abstract

South Korean society is becoming incredibly and rapidly diverse through increasing inbound immigration. This has recently been highlighted due to low birth rate trends among South Koreans. While the number of foreigners is increasing in South Korea, there have been limited studies on the social integration of these foreigners as well as public attitudes towards them. In this study, we apply the group threat model and focus on how social capital and socioeconomic status are associated with anti-foreigner sentiments. Analyses of data from the 2022 citizen survey conducted in South Korea suggest that both factors are partially related to anti-foreigner sentiment at the structural and individual levels. Through this study, we contribute to the understanding of public attitudes towards foreigners and suggest careful approaches in social integration policy design.

Issue Date
2024-02
Publisher
한국학술연구원
Keywords(Author)
Foreigner Inclusion; Social Capital; Socioeconomic Status; Public Perception Survey; South Korea
DOI
10.29152/koiks.2024.55.1.131
Journal Title
Korea Observer
Start Page
131
End Page
158
ISSN
0023-3919
Language
English
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