Contents

전세가격의 비용화와 소비자물가지수: 소비자물가지수 자가주거비 반영을 중심으로

The Conversion of Chonsei into Monetary Costs and its Relationship with the Consumer Price Index

Oh, Jiyoon

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Abstract

한국 소비자물가지수에서 전세지수는 단일 품목으로 최대 가중치(5.4%)를 차지하고 있으며, 전세가격 자체의 변화는 그대로 주거비 변화로 반영되고 있다. 전세는 주거서비스 비용을 자본화한 가격으로 일차적으로 월세 변화에 연동되지만, 실질적 비용인 월세와 무관하게 금리 변동에 의해서도 영향을 받는다. 따라서 전세가격을 그대로 소비자물가지수에 반영하면, 주거서비스 가격 변화 이외의 부분에 대해서도 비용 변화로 인식될 수 있다. 소비자물가지수 전세지수와 월세지수의 장기시계열을 살펴본 결과, 전세지수는 연평균 2.3% 상승하고 있으나 월세지수는 0.9% 상승하고 있어 추세적인 격차가 나타났다. 우리 경제의 금리가 서서히 하락하면서 자본화된 전세지수가 월세지수보다 더 빠르게 상승한 것으로 판단된다. 주거서비스 비용 변화를 반영할 수 있도록 전세지수의 대체 변수를 사용하여 소비자물가지수를 작성한 결과, 전반적으로 새로운 CPI는 기존의 CPI보다 물가상승률이 낮게 추정되었으며, 자가주거비를 포함하면 이러한 효과가 두드러지게 확대되었다.
The Chonsei component holds the highest level of weight (5.4%) in the composition of the Korean consumer price index (CPI). The variations in Chonsei prices are directly reflected in the CPI as a representation of cost swings. The Chonsei refers to a deposit that accumulates the costs related to housing services and is mostly affected by variations in rental rates. Nevertheless, it is important to note that Chonsei prices are also susceptible to fluctuations in interest rates, regardless of the rent prices. Therefore, if Chonsei were directly and one-to-one indexed to the CPI, they could include changes other than residential service prices. After analyzing the time series data of the Chonsei index and rent index inside the CPI, it becomes apparent that the Chonsei index displays an average annual growth rate of 2.3%, whilst the rent index reveals a growth rate of 0.9%. The observed disparity in growth rates indicates a divergence in trends between the two indices. It is posited that the Chonsei index, when capitalized, has had a more rapid increase compared to the rental index, owing to the gradual drop in interest rates. To effectively reflect fluctuations in the housing service costs, proxies for the Chonsei index were utilized in the construction of a consumer price index. The findings of our study suggest that, overall, the newly developed CPI demonstrates a comparatively lower rate of inflation when compared to the official CPI. Furthermore, the inclusion of imputed rents for owner-occupied housing in CPI amplifies this effect.

Issue Date
2023-11-30
Publisher
Korea Development Institute
DOI
https://doi.org/10.23895/kdijep.2023.45.4.57
Journal Title
KDI Journal of Economic Policy
Start Page
57
End Page
78
Language
kor
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