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How open are African inventors? Open green technologies and patenting activities in Africa

Sanni, Maruf / Kim, Yeong Jae

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Abstract

Open green innovation is essential to accelerate decarbonization in Africa. The dearth of empirical evidence on the current trajectory of green innovation in Africa often hinders appropriate green innovation policy design. This study investigates the incidence of collaboration in inventive activities within Africa using the ‘designation of the inventor’ in the online European Patent database. We identify and assess open and closed climate adaptation and mitigation inventions using explorative and network analysis techniques. Our research shows that even though climate change adaptation technologies are more valuable, climate change mitigation technologies are more responsive to open innovation. We also discovered that the number of green inventions is slightly increasing, but there are very few collaborative open green inventions in Africa as many of the inventions are closed. These results accentuate the fragmented national innovation systems in many African countries. The lack of collaboration and the disconnect between universities and firms shows that most African knowledge institutions have not evolved into vibrant sources of firm learning for national economic development.

Issue Date
2023
Publisher
4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK, ABINGDON, ENGLAND, OXON, OX14 4RN
Keywords(Author)
Africa; Patents; Open Green Technologies; Open Eco-innovation; Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
DOI
10.1080/20421338.2023.2287001
Journal Title
AFRICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION & DEVELOPMENT
Start Page
1
End Page
14
ISSN
2042-1338
Language
English
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