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Women's income distribution in Indonesia before and after COVID-19

HIQMAH, Nurul

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Abstract

In the past ten years, women’s income contribution in the household has shown a progressive trend in Indonesia, which frames up the important role of women's income supporting the household economy. When COVID-19 hit in 2020, the government implemented the large- scale social restrictions to control the COVID-19 spread, putting women as vulnerable group in the society. This study unraveled the impact on women’s income distribution before and after COVID-19. Cross sectional data was collected from 2013-2022 using the National Labor Force Survey by Statistics Indonesia, classifying 2013 to 2019 as the year before COVID-19 and the year after COVID-19 from 2020 to 2022. Consumer Price Index (CPI) was used to adjust the income. The regression result discovered the evidence that women’s income has been declining after COVID-19. However, the findings revealed that women's status as the head of the household doesn’t experience lower income after COVID-19. This decrease was identified in women marital status, bachelor degree or equivalent level, overwork setting, and employment status as self-own worker. This finding may be used as a resource for the Indonesian government to enhancing policy effectiveness for strengthening women's reciliency and narrowing the income gap between gender.

Advisors
Merfeld, Joshua D.
Department
KDI School, Master of Development Policy
Issue Date
2023
Publisher
KDI School
Description
Thesis(Master) -- KDI School: Master of Development Policy, 2023
Keywords
Income distribution--Indonesia; Women--Economic conditions--Indonesia
Contents
I. INTRODUCTION
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
III. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
IV. RESULT
V. CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
Pages
62 p
URI
https://archives.kdischool.ac.kr/handle/11125/51537
Type
Thesis
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