Contents

Labor Repression, Democracy, and Growth in South Korea: Data Construction and Preliminary Results

Lee, Changkeun / Lane, Nathan

  • 1857 ITEM VIEW
  • 566 DOWNLOAD
Abstract

This paper examines how the democratic transition in Korea affected firm strategy through the changes in industrial relations. The existing studies have pointed out that it unleashed workers’ demand that had been suppressed by the authoritarian regime, though there was little disaggregated information regarding the “democratization shock.” We overcame the data problem by scrapping news articles and applying the Named Entity Recognition techniques to construct the labor dispute index. We find that labor disputes increased from the year of democratization, 1987, which is consistent with the previous literature. Reported labor disputes were concentrated in the heavy-chemical industries and the southeast industrial clusters. We use this variation to conduct an econometric analysis and find that establishments in a cell (industry x province) with a high labor dispute index increased productivity and capital intensity. Such
effects were stronger for large establishments where unionized labor put more pressure.

Issue Date
2023-03
Publisher
KDI School of Public Policy and Management
Keywords
Economic Effects of Democratization; Industrial Relations; Firm Productivity; Labor Movement; Named Entity Recognition
Pages
24
Series Title
KDIS Working Paper 23-02
URI
https://archives.kdischool.ac.kr/handle/11125/51336
URL
https://ssrn.com/abstract=4381025
DOI
10.2139/ssrn.4381025
Files in This Item:

Click the button and follow the links to connect to the full text. (KDI CL members only)

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

상단으로 이동