Analyzing the Role of Governmental Organizations in Artiﬁcial Intelligence Innovation: A Patent-Based Perspective
Artiﬁcial intelligence (AI) has rapidly emerged as a transformative technology with the potential to revolutionize numerous industries and applications. While government organizations actively support the AI innovation ecosystem through funding and policy making, their active and direct participation through patenting has not been well studied. Here, we analyzes the patenting activity of govern- ment employees and compares it to that of non-governmental organizations, focusing on the ﬁeld of AI. Applying various natural language processing (NLP) techniques to the AI patents, we found that governmental organizations more focus on public beneﬁt and national-level interests, rather than commercialization, which is a main focus of non-governmental organizations. Also, our results reveal that governmental organizations have focused on speciﬁc ﬁelds related to national security and fundamental inventions. Our ﬁndings contribute to the literature on the role of government in fostering innovation in the ﬁeld of AI and have implications for policy makers and stakeholders involved in AI R&D funding and commercialization.
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