Contents

Drivers of Policy Instrument Selection for Environmental Management by Local Governments

Krause, Rachel M. / Hawkins, Christopher V. / Park, Angela Y.S. / Feiock, Richard C.

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Abstract

Local governments commonly pursue environmental objectives that exceed state and federal minimum requirements. Although research informs our understanding of factors that lead cities to adopt such policy goals, the underlying mechanisms employed to achieve them are not well understood. This article examines factors that drive the choice of policy instruments that cities use to pursue local environmental objectives. The literature links the structure of the local governing body, characteristics of the community and target populations, and the nature of the policy problem to instrument selection. Building on this, the authors model the dynamics shaping cities' use of regulations, financial incentives, or combination thereof, to pursue a variety of different environmental objectives. Results indicate that community racial composition and political leaning influence instrument choice when policy targets the public at large. Alternatively, when policy targets particular stakeholder groups, such as developers, the characteristics of the local governing body are of greater importance.

Issue Date
2019-07
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
DOI
10.1111/puar.13025
Journal Title
Public Administration Review
Start Page
477
End Page
487
ISSN
0033-3352
Language
English
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