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How effective are secondary sanctions?

the case of US secondary sanctions against North Korea (2001–2020)

Moon, Yechan

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Abstract

Are secondary economic sanctions effective? The United States (US) introduced secondary sanctions to complement sanctions from the United Nations (UN). This paper examines whether the US secondary sanctions are effective by examining the case of sanctions against North Korea by exploiting the variation in implementation of sanctions against North Korea based on the analysis of sanction implementation reports to the UN, and trade volume data at dyadic level for 203 countries between 2001 and 2020. The findings suggest that secondary sanctions are relatively ineffective, while UN sanctions are still a helpful tool. Such findings are robust to the inclusion or exclusion of China into the sample. The implications from the findings suggest that more efforts to convince others to participate in the implementation of the UN sanctions rather than pursuing unilateral secondary sanctions can be more effective in the part of the US.

Advisors
Rhee, Inbok
Department
KDI School, Master of Development Policy
Issue Date
2022
Publisher
KDI School
Description
Thesis(Master) -- KDI School: Master of Development Policy, 2022
Keywords
Economic sanctions, American--Korea (North); Nuclear nonproliferation--Korea (North)
Keywords
Korea (North) Foreign economic relations--United States
Contents
1. Introduction

2. Literature Review

3. Sanctions on North Korea

4. Data and Variables

5. Methodology

6. Findings

7. Discussion and Conclusion
Pages
57 p
URI
https://archives.kdischool.ac.kr/handle/11125/44759
Type
Thesis
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