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Sectoral wage gaps and gender in rural India(dagger)

Merfeld, Joshua

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Abstract

Using detailed monthly household panel data from rural India, I analyze sectoral wage gaps for men and women. I show that the wage gap across the non-farm and farm sectors is much higher for women than for men. Relative to men, women also work less time in non-farm wage employment than in farm wage employment. Taken together, these findings suggest that constraints are preventing women from reallocating their time to more remunerative wage employment opportunities. Women are less likely to work outside of their own village in the non-farm sector, yet the wage gap is driven by higher caste and married women. These results are consistent with a lack of local non-farm employment opportunities interacting with barriers to labor mobility for women but not men.

Issue Date
2022-08
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Keywords Plus
MARKET OPPORTUNITIES; NONFARM EMPLOYMENT; PRODUCTIVITY; INSTITUTIONS; ALLOCATION; POVERTY; CASTE; WOMEN; MODEL
Keywords(Author)
Agriculture; Gender; Labor; Non-farm; Wages
DOI
10.1111/ajae.12339
Journal Title
American Journal of Agricultural Economics
ISSN
0002-9092
Language
English
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