Designing good practices of sport for development programmes for the youth of Africa
adapting international strategies based on the un-wide programming framework
Africa is a continent where young populations are most prevalent in the world. Although they bring much potential to the continent, the youth of Africa face different social, political and economic challenges. As part of a way to solve such challenges, a movement has surfaced in the international community using sport as a tool, which also can be seen in the youth of Africa. Subsequently, sports-related international strategies were created and advocated by multinational organizations around the world. The current study begins with questioning whether these strategies are well reflected in sports programmes targeting African youth. To address this question, the study analyses African youth sports programmes currently being conducted by governmental agencies and organizations. As a research tool for the case study, an existing evaluation framework to assess sport for youth development programmes was used, which was modified by adding vital factors and issues emphasized in relevant strategies. As a result, it was found that most of the programmes take into consideration the underlined challenges stipulated in the international strategies especially by striving to achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015. However, technical dimensions such as pedagogies, evaluation frameworks, policies to realize purposed goals of programmes were deficient. Also, sustainability of the programmes differed depending on the policy contexts of each country. Therefore, one limitation that calls for careful attention is that most of the outcome and output of the programmes were hard to be analyzed due to the lack of detailed monitoring and evaluation systems of the government organization. In conclusion, as the case studies show, the Sport for Development programmes should focus on solving the real challenges faced with youth of Africa by in-depth and long term research rather than by following the international strategies on surface.
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