A Study on the improvement of national water supply system for improving water reliance
The water supply system is a social infrastructure for the development of public welfare and industry, which has contributed to improving the quality of people's sanitation and economic growth. Korea's water supply service has grown rapidly with economic growth despite its short history of about 100 years. Today, safe tap water is available essentially everywhere in the country and, the quality of tap water is also comparable to that of developed countries.
However, behind this growth there are various problems such as public water supply coverage rates and service imbalances in urban and rural areas, profit structures that cause chronic deficits, leakage and water supply service interruption due to aged facilities, and deep distrust of tap water. These problems remain a long-standing challenge. In addition, more systematic water management is required as the risk of water management from recent climate change is increasing while the people's expectations for water services are rising.
The one of the fundamental causes of such problems is the waterworks’ structure which is directly operated by local governments, unlike other services, and water supply management system that is divided into multi-regional and local. South Korea has continued to manage water supply projects in the public sector at the national level to enhance the equity of water welfare services and balanced regional development. However, since many utilities, including K-water and 161 local governments, have been operating separate water supply systems under the control of two central ministries, they have produced various inefficiencies over the decades, including overlapping investments, reduced supply stability and an imbalance in water services.
Fortunately, Korea's water supply service is entering a new phase as Framework Water Management Act was enacted in 2018 that led to the water management function being integrated into the Ministry of Environment. Accordingly, the government is pushing for the reorganization of the water management system, the adjustment of functions, and the establishment of new policies for the rational use of national water resources. I would like to analyze the problems of the Korean water supply system from various perspectives such as structure, process, human resource management and propose a direction for the improvement of the national water supply system and specific implementation measures in this study.
Click the button and follow the links to connect to the full text. (KDI CL members only)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.