A Study on enhance of social acceptance for floating solar power using shared water surface: focusing on in-depth interviews of floating solar power development managers
Korea is a country that emits large amounts of greenhouse gases, so Korea plans to drastically expand the supply of renewable energy to supply and demand eco-friendly energy while keeping pace with the changes in global energy policy stances caused by climate change. Especially, it plans to supply most of renewable energy with solar and wind power. In order to meet the government''s recent renewable energy policy, Korea Water Resources Corporation (K-water) and Korea Rural Community Corporation are expanding large-scale floating solar power projects using water surface.
In promoting floating solar power projects, issues of ''environmental'' related to water pollution, water ecological disturbance, heavy metal extraction, electromagnetic wave-related environmental hazards, and damage to the landscape are raised. And there are problems with delayed or terminated projects due to public opposition to development caused by damage to residents in the development area.
Experts think that ''environmental'' and ''resident acceptance'' are the biggest problems in large-scale floating solar power development. In order to solve the environmental problem, it is necessary to comprehensively study the impact on water quality and aquatic ecosystems and environmental risks from a mid- to long-term perspective through continuous monitoring. And by sharing objective facts with the residents, we will be able to resolve doubts about the environmental problem. And resident acceptance can be enhanced when it is shared with the residents as a real benefit by forming a trust relationship through continuous communication with local residents, and by sharing the profits generated through the project with the business operator and local residents. From the initial planning stage to the construction and operation of the project, the business can be smoothly promoted only by considering the major issues, response plans, decisions, and expected effects response plans.
In this study, an in-depth interview was conducted on the floating solar power development of Chungju Dam and Hapcheon Dam to experts participating in the development of floating solar power projects. Opinions were collected and analyzed to improve the social acceptability of floating solar power generation. It is meaningful that it presents effective strategic implications.
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