The Impact of state aid on fertility and children's quality
the case of Kazakhstan
In connection with the growing threats to demographic security, supporting families with children has become an important area of state social policy. The main problem of the demographic situation at the present stage is the low birth rate, which determines the reduction in the population and leads to the aging of the age composition of the population. Kazakhstan also faced the problem of low birth rates. The main measure of influence on the demographic situation in Kazakhstan is the state financial support for families with children, which should serve as an impetus for the birth rate increase. However, according to the Statistics Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the trend in low birth rates has not changed. In the course of the correlation and regression analysis, it turned out that the effect of an increase in the number of preschool institutions is greater than an increase in financial assistance and a qualitative analysis proves the results. However, both quantitative and qualitative analysis do not deny the effectiveness of increasing state financial assistance. Nevertheless, the study proved that parents'' confidence in the future of their children, in particular, access to quality education, has a greater impact on the decision to become “large” families.
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