The Integration of Myanmar's SMEs into global value chains

promoting access to finance and developing human resources

Ei Ei Mon

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Myanmar has been endeavoring to implement an industrialized nation from an agricultural country as the other developed nations. After the significant political transition from the Military Government to Democratic Government in 2011, the rate of FDIs investing in Myanmar is getting higher dramatically because of its economically geographic location and advantageous economic reform.

The effective way of industrialization is to support and encourage the growth of industrial based-Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) such as automotive parts supplier SMEs to FDI-MNCs. As the major players of the national economy, the Union Government has been providing fundamental needs of SMEs and nurturing the skilled labours required for foreign investment.

However, development is invisible significantly and they are still having multiple obstacles and challenges in receiving technologies, access to finance and market. The study comes to conclude that the agricultural-based SMEs are getting more supports rather than supportive SMEs for heavy industry. Thu, the government must encourage the growth of these types of SMEs in order to cooperate with FDI and to integrate into the global value chains (GVCs) for the industrialization of the nation rapidly.

Kim, Joon-Kyung.
KDI School, Master of Development Policy
Issue Date
KDI School
Thesis(Master) -- KDI School: Master of Development Policy, 2020
Small business--Burma; International trade
Part I: Introduction

Part II: Research and Findings

Chapter 1: Review of Literature

Chapter 2: Correlation between Industrialization and Foreign Direct Investment in Myanmar

Chapter 3: Analysis of Automotive Industry in Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand

Chapter 4: Supporting and Financing to SMEs by the Union Government of Myanmar

Chapter 5: Promotion of HRD for attracting Foreign Direct Investment

Part III: Conclusions and Recommendations



viii, 76 p
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