Contents

The Oxford Handbook of American Economic History

Manufacturing Growth and Structural Change in American Economic History

Lee, Changkeun / Rhode, W. Paul(Author)

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Abstract

Over past 200 years, industrialization was the driving force in the economic development of most nations experiencing “modern economic growth.” Industrial activity generally expanded faster than the economy as a whole, and the sector grew to account for sizable shares of output, employment, and trade. Manufacturing activities have generally experienced faster rates of productivity growth than the economy as a whole and the sector has often paid higher labor wages. Manufacturing also contributes materiel and technology for military purposes. For these reasons, policymakers and the public have long viewed manufacturing as being of greater importance than other activities. This chapter surveys growth and structural change in the American manufacturing sector over the past 200 years. It chronicles the sector’s transformation during the first (1810–1860), second (1870–1920), and third (1970–present) industrial revolutions. It examines the forces, such as globalization, information technologies, and deindustrialization, shaping the sector today.

Issue Date
2018-07
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Subjects
Industrialization; Manufacturing; Economy; Industrial revolution; Information technology; Deindustrialization
Contents
Introduction


Part I Population and Health

Demography in American Economic History
Health, Disease, and Sanitation in American Economic History
US Fertility Rates and Childbearing in American Economic History, 1800–2010
Immigration in American Economic History
Anthropometric History in American Economic History
Health Policy in American Economic History


Part II Production and Structural Change

Agriculture in American Economic History
Manufacturing Growth and Structural Change in American Economic History
Manufacturing Productivity Growth in American Economic History
Services in American Economic History
Business Organization in American Economic History
Executive Compensation in American Economic History


Part III Factors of Production

The Labor Force in American Economic History
Labor Market Institutions in the Gilded Age of American Economic History
Retirement and Pensions in American Economic History
Capital, Income Growth, in American Economic History
Education and Human Capital in American Economic History
Natural Resources in American Economic History
Pages
984
URL
https://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190882617.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780190882617
DOI
10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190882617.013.39
ISBN
9780190882617
Language
ENG
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