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Political dynasties and province creation

the political economy of decentralization in the Philippines

CHENG, Ranel Ram

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Abstract

This study explores the role of “political dynasties” in the creation of new provinces as a

feature of decentralization reforms in the Philippines. This research looks into whether

political dynasties are able to create new provinces through gerrymandering in order to

achieve political ends, thus indicating local elite capture of decentralization reforms. Cooption

of local elite families into representative institutions is a colonial legacy that manifests

through the persistence of political dynasties in present-day institutions. By using historical

institutionalism as analytical lens, key historical junctures in center-local relations were

identified, parallel to the formation of the Philippine state, while situating local elite families

within each juncture. In this way, this study distinguished between “Executive-led

gerrymandering” and “Legislative-led gerrymandering” across different time periods. While

the former fits the prevailing view of gerrymandering as a “strategic choice” of the central

authority to accommodate rent-seeking by local elites, the latter shows how the Philippine

Congress as an institution evolved as an amalgamation of local elites from across the country

with the power to create the rules for decentralization, including that of province creation, to

suit their own political interests in the first place.

Advisors
Park, Hun Joo
Department
KDI School, Master of Public Policy
Issue Date
2018
Publisher
KDI School
Description
Thesis(Master) --KDI School:Master of Public Policy,2018
Keywords
Regional planning--Philippines.; Philippines--Politics and government
Contents
1. INTRODUCTION

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

3. STUDY FRAMEWORK

4. CRITICAL JUNCTURES IN CENTER-LOCAL RELATIONS

5. FINDING LOCAL ELITE CAPTURE IN DECENTRALIZATION REFORMS

6. CONCLUSION
Pages
x, 74 p.
URI
https://archives.kdischool.ac.kr/handle/11125/32282
Type
Thesis
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