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Labor migration, remittances, and human capital accumuation in Nepal

KHAN, Viktoriya

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Abstract

Labor migration in Nepal is perpetuated by the existence of a porous border between Nepal and India, which is the gate to the outer world for Nepalese formal and informal labor migrants. For decades Nepal has continuously been one of the countries with the highest inflow of remittances as a percentage of GDP, reaching 31% in 2016 (World Bank, 2018). This paper investigates the impact of remittances on human capital accumulation in recipient households in Nepal, using a comprehensive nationwide Nepal Living Standards Survey of 1996, 2003 and 2010. The study addresses the endogeneity of remittances and human capital by adopting instrumental variable two-stage least squares methodology. International remittances are predicted by historical migration rates, which are extracted from Nepal Population Census of 1991. The main results show that there is a statistically significant, positive impact of remittances on educational expenditures, private schooling and private tuition.

Advisors
Yang, Hee-Seung
Department
KDI School, Master of Public Policy
Issue Date
2018
Publisher
KDI School
Description
Thesis(Master) --KDI School:Master of Public Policy,2018
Keywords
Foreign workers--Nepal; Migration, Internal--Nepal.
Contents
Introduction

Background on Nepal

Empirical Literature Review

Data

Methodology

Results
Pages
34 p.
URI
https://archives.kdischool.ac.kr/handle/11125/32231
Type
Thesis
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