The Effectiveness of innovative elementary schools in Seoul on decreasing educational gap
This research analyzed the effect of innovative schools on decreasing the educational gap caused by socioeconomic backgrounds, using a multiple regression model. The data was collected from Seoul Education Longitudinal Study in 2012 and 2013. In addition, qualitative research was conducted through in-depth interviews and case studies in order to explain the result of quantitative research. The gist of the research is as follows. First, there was no significant difference between innovative schools and general schools in terms of family backgrounds, school life and academic achievement of students. Innovative schools did not reduce the effect of socioeconomic status on academic achievement. Secondly, the qualitative research found that principles of innovative schools were not applied effectively in practice. There were many obstacles such as unprepared school staff to reform the school. Therefore, this research recommends that efforts of the school staff including teacher be made and institutional supports be provided for the success of innovative school. Furthermore, more research on the effect of innovative schools has to be done to strengthen the public education system over a long term.
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