복지정책 조준의 개념과 필요성
This study provides an description and interpretation of recent welfare reforms in the western welfare states, and tries to draw implications for Korea. We observed that the changes such as austerity measures, pension reform, and efforts to revive the obligation of work have fostered a more pragmatic approach. Among many aspects of the change, we have primarily been concerned with the increasing importance of targeting in the field of social welfare policy. Targeting is defined as the process of allocating social security resources to a designated subgroup of a population by affecting eligibility, entitlement, or means so that policy produces the intended result. In our conceptual and historical analysis, the conclusion is that we need to move away from the conventional dichotomy of universalism and selectivism toward the principle of targeting.
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