Contents

The School Equalization Policy of Korea: Past Failures and Proposed Measure for Reform

Lee, Ju Ho

Abstract

This paper argues that Korea's educational equalization policy has failed to achieve its major policy goals, which are to improve educational equality and to reduce the economic burden of private tutoring and minimize the negative side effects of exam-oriented education. We also suggest that the equalization policy has lowered levels of academic achievement by limiting students and parents' choice of schools, and by strengthening the government's control over schools. We also explain the political-economic reasons why the equalization policy has been maintained over the last 30 years, despite its evident negative effects. We conclude that the equalization policy should be overhauled through a number of reform measures, such as providing school choice, disclosing the differences between schools, increasing the autonomy of school units, and strengthening governmental support for students with lower academic achievement.

Issue Date
2004
Publisher
KOREAN NATL COMMISSION UNESCO
Keywords
equalization policy; school choice; private tutoring; educational equity
Citation
KOREA JOURNAL, v.44, no.1, pp.221 - 234, 2004
URL
https://www.ekoreajournal.net/issue/view_pop.htm?Idx=3278
Journal Title
KOREA JOURNAL
Start Page
221
End Page
234
ISSN
0023-3900
Language
English
Files in This Item:
    There are no files associated with this item.

Click the button and follow the links to connect to the full text. (KDI CL members only)

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.