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저소득층의 대학진학 제약요인 분석

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Abstract

This paper empirically investigates the dynamics of the poverty-higher education gap in Korea. Poverty may lead to a gap in access to higher education through two channels: the short-term inability to pay college tuition and fees and long-term disadvantages arising from one's environment that impede the development of academic ability. A regression analysis based on data from the Korean Education and Employment Panel suggests that it is long-term disadvantages that plays a dominant role in the dynamics of this gap. We also replicate a study carried out by Carneiro and Heckman, who have addressed a similar question in the US. Again, the results confirm that the crucial constraint is the long-term accumulation of disadvantages arising mainly from family background, not the short-term constraint. These findings suggest that policies designed to alleviate short-term financial constraints, such as tuition reduction, will be less effective in reducing the gap in accessing four-year college in Korea than policies involving early intervention in children’s development.

Issue Date
2012
Publisher
한국노동경제학회
Keywords
college entrance gap; tuition fees; academic ability; family background; early intervention; 대입격차; 등록금; 학업능력; 가정배경; 조기개입
Citation
노동경제논집, v.35, no.3, pp.51 - 81, 2012
Journal Title
노동경제논집
Start Page
51
End Page
81
ISSN
1229-6651
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