Crisis Management for Emergency in North Korea

Crisis Management for Emergency in North Korea
Park, Jin
North Korea; Collapse; Emergency; Management
Issue Date
Series/Report no.
KDI Working Paper Series;07-10
Though it is neither desirable nor likely that an emergency will materialize in North Korea in the near future, it is necessary to be prepared for such an abrupt incidence. This paper examines necessary measures in case of a collapse of North Korea. The policy goal of the collapse stage is to control disorder on the Korean peninsula while expanding South Korea's influence in North Korea, eventually leading the situation to a well-managed unification of Korea. Therefore, announcing various measures, such as plans of aid of food and necessities, will lessen the massive panic in the early stages. Aid for overseas refugees and stabilization measures for the domestic economy must also be continued. The policy goal of the integration stage is a well-managed unification led by South Korea and the stabilization of the Korean peninsula. The priority task in this stage is to pursue reconstruction and transitions of the North Korean economy while restraining North Koreans from moving to the South. An emergency in North Korea is a challenge for the South, but at the same time, it is a chance for unification. Whether the crisis will lead to a well-managed unification or to just a disaster mainly depends on South Korea’s way of managing the crisis.
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