Toward People-centered Development: A Reflection on the Korean Experience
- Toward People-centered Development: A Reflection on the Korean Experience
- Park, Hun Joo
- South Korea; People-centered Development; Empowering State; Small Business; Developmental State; Globalization and Inequity
- Issue Date
- Series/Report no.
- KDI Working Paper Series;06-12
- By reflecting upon Korea’s state-led development, its socio-economic
consequences, and its current reform efforts and trends, this article calls for
reconstructing the state and redefining the identity of its political economy towards
people-centered development. Crafting a democratic and empowering dirigisme and
institutionalizing democratic values such as public trust and rule of law constitute the
nation’s pressing task in its quest for a good society. However, dirigiste choice of
growth over equity at an early stage of development process may not be easily
reversible at a later stage. Dirigiste development and undemocratic governance create
entrenched, self-sustaining interests and structures that no amount of reform politics as
usual can touch.
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