Public Management and Anti Corruption in Lao PDR
- Public Management and Anti Corruption in Lao PDR
- PHETPHOUVONG, Phetsamone
- Issue Date
- KDI School of Public Policy and Management
- Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR in short) is a land-locked and mountainous country situated in South East Asia and in the middle of Indochina. It shares borders with China in the north, Myanmar in the northwest, Thailand in the northeast, Vietnam in the southeast and Cambodia in the south, with a land area of 236.800 km2. The country includes 16 provinces and 1 capital, 18 ministries and 3 equivalent-ministries and the population is more than six million people.
Since the foundation, the government of Lao PDR has made an effort to develop the country which started from the first important social-economic development phase in 1980-1985 of the Lao Revolutionary Party Congress by enhancing the key factor of a cooperative association system; however, it found many difficulties in the real practical issues and eventually failed. Therefore, because of the experience in the field, the government of Lao PDR turned to the New Economic Mechanism (NEM) with the aims to reform the price decontrol, liberalization of trade and payment system. The government also initiated reforms of the civil service, introduced a legal framework, and supported development of a market economy and an extensive privatization program in the 1990s. These new changes produced social-economic development for the short and long term. At this time, the most important thing for the government of Lao PDR was the favorable adoption of the new constitution in 1991 to provide a legal governance framework.
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