How Equal is the Opportunity for Higher Education in Cambodia? The Impacts of Family Incom, Family Income, Famliy Background, Geovgraphical Location,and Culural Factor
- How Equal is the Opportunity for Higher Education in Cambodia? The Impacts of Family Incom, Family Income, Famliy Background, Geovgraphical Location,and Culural Factor
- SOK, SOVATHA
- Issue Date
- KDI School of Public Policy and Management
- Without strong pillar, Cambodia is listed as one of the least developing countries. With such status, Cambodia lacks major tools to boost development, especially in human resource. This is the result from having inequality in higher education, which is the most prevalent issue in Cambodian society. Notably, there is no equal opportunity for students to enter tertiary education. There are four main underlying reasons contributing to the inequality. Initially, family income is one of the determinants, as wealthy students tend to have more access to higher education, let alone the poor one. Secondly, family background is also the contributor, as parents who have better or high educational background seem to encourage their children to study as high as possible, while no-education family may not do so. Thirdly, place of residence is the cause to inequality since most of the universities are located in the city, but few in the provinces. Last but not least, gender discrimination keeps female students from continuing to higher education due to old concept. These four determinants draw great impacts to the access in higher education in Cambodia.
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