Shortage of High-Skilled Labour in the European Union -Fight for High-Skilled Immigrants

Shortage of High-Skilled Labour in the European Union -Fight for High-Skilled Immigrants
SUMIC, Vesna
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KDI School of Public Policy and Management
The European Union receives most of the world’s low-skilled immigrants and a very small amount of the world’s high-skilled immigrants. In order to attract more high-skilled immigrants the European Union launched a new high-skilled labour policy in 2009; the Blue Card policy, which is the first attempt to address high-skilled labour immigration on the European Union level. The analysis, to determine if this policy will be sufficient in attracting high-skilled immigrants to the European Union, included comparison of the United Kingdom’s, Germany’s and Sweden’s high-skilled labour immigration policies with such policies of the United States of America, Canada and Australia, since the latter three countries are countries with the most high-skilled immigrants. The analysis showed that, in order to attract high-skilled immigrants, the European Union needs to focus more on the economic policies development and on the creation of favourable social and labour conditions instead of on the high-skilled labour immigration policy development. Furthermore, the European Union should improve labour access for high-skilled immigrants, make it easier for them to move across the European Union and let its market function freely; this kind of market together with the well design economic policies should attract high-skilled immigrants to the European Union.
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Master's Thesis (2013)

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