Tolerating Intolerance: The State and the Revival of Islamic Fundamentalism in Indonesia
- Tolerating Intolerance: The State and the Revival of Islamic Fundamentalism in Indonesia
- PERMANA, Muhammad Prayoga
- Issue Date
- KDI School of Public Policy and Management
- Despite its remarkable democratic transformation, it is interesting to note that the problem of religious freedom and violences under the banner of religious ideology are rampant in Indonesia.
Meanwhile, instead of protecting the freedom and security, the state has turned its blind eye towards the vigilant groups of Islamic fundamentalism. This research aimed to discover some factors determining the tolerating religious intolerance tend to do policy. The research suggests that in historical review, the state has been accommodating the fundamentalist not only for ideological purpose but also political, it affects state’s commitment to protect religious freedom. The state also encountered with dysfunctional democracy while political openings with inadequate institutional constraint have facilitated the rise of Islamist political identity in public sphere. In addition, despite its close relations to the
fundamentalists during the history, the state actually maintained its stance towards coexistence between
Islamism and secularism at the same time. The ambiguity provides a room for the fundamentalist to infiltrate the decision making process.
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